3 WIRE GFCI WIRING DIAGRAM
Wiring Diagrams for GFCI Outlets - Do-it-yourself-help
Wiring for a switch and gfci receptacle in the same box is also shown. To wire a gfci circuit breaker see this link and wire a gfci switch combo at this link. Wiring a GFCI Outlet and a Light Switch. This diagram illustrates wiring a GFCI receptacle and light switch in the same outlet box, a common arrangement in a bathroom with limited space.
Wiring A GFCI Outlet | How To Wire Line And Load Schematics
How To Wire GFCI Outlets. Wiring a GFCI receptacle is a little more complicated than hooking up a regular outlet but easily learned once explained. You can also learn about wiring GFCI outlets in the following 7 steps. Refer to the diagram above about wiring GFCI receptacles for additional help.
I am trying to install a GFCI outlet and I have 3 wires
May 01, 2010I am trying to install a GFCI outlet and I have 3 wires attached to the existing outlet (white, black and red) 2 outlets run off of 1 breaker. one of the outlets only has a white and black wire, so I know where to attach them, but where do I attach the red wire?Is the outlet that you are trying to replace switched control? Can you please take a closer look if there are more wires in the box spliced to each other with wire nut?Please check and tell me on the existing outlet is the bridge/tab between brass screws broken?If the bridge between brass screws is not broken and the red wire was going on one brass screw and the black on the on the, then you would need to splice black and red to each other with pig tail (small piece of wire) and put wire nut on it. then you on the bottom of the gfci where it says line you connect on the end of the pig tail to the brass screw and white to the silver screw. Bare or green wire on the green screw.Was the black and red wires going on the brass screws of the existing outlet? Do you have a tester?I just noticed you resisted your question. If you do not want me to help you let me know please and I will opt out and other expert will help you. If you do want to continue I have one more question. Is the box metal?If the box is metal and you do not have a bare wire then most likely the box is grounded by metal shield of the wire. You would have to push the red and black wires in the holes next to the brass screw on the line side of the gfci and tight the brass screw. The white wire goes on the silver screw of the gfci's line side. Let me know if it works.
GFCI Outlet Wiring Diagram | House Electrical Wiring Diagram
The above diagram shows the GFCI wiring to Multiple Outlet as in white while the pictures are same. One side of the GFCI connected to the ground (neutral wire as shown white in the diagram) and another side to the high potential (hot wire shown as black in the diagram) shows as in black color.
How do I install a GFCI receptacle with two hot wires and
The instructions describe what to do with a regular 2-wire + ground feed, with and without daisy chaining to other receptacles, but not how to do it with a 3-wire + ground feed. Please describe how I should connect the new receptacle. Here's a diagram of how the non-GFCI receptacle is currently wired, in my best 6-year-old artistry:The first problem is that you may be using the wrong cable and breakers. NEC calls for 2 20Amp small appliance circuits in the kitchen, to accomplish this you'll need to switch to 20Amp breakers and #12 wire. The next problem. You'll have to pull new wire anyway, if you want to hook up GFCI receptacles. GFCI receptacles will not work properly with a shared neutral, you'll end up with nuisance tripping with a shared neutral. GFCI receptacles work by monitoring the balance between hot and neutral, so if the neutral is shared the GFCI will not work properly. To wire up the kitchen properly, you'll have to pull 2 new 12/2 cables from the breaker to the kitchen (all #14 wire on that circuit will have to be replaced). Then install 2 20Amp breakers, to supply the kitchen. You'll install the GFCI's as the first receptacle on each circuit, which will protect all downstream receptacles. You can share a neutral between 2 GFCI receptacles. The catch is you'll have to pigtail the neutral to the receptacles, not use the neutral from the load side of the first GFCI to feed the second. So you should be able to do something like this.. But not like this.. You'll then be able to use the load side of each receptacle to feed other devices, like this.Best answer · 21Most of what Gregmac has said is correct, however I have to correct a couple of small items. It is totally acceptable and often done to use a three wire circuit (black/red hot, white neutral & bare ground) like you have to "alternate" kitchen receptacles, thus giving you two circuits. It is not a code requirement to split the top and bottom of the recpts, however it is fine to do that, but it complicates the GFI functions. Splitting the top and bottom would require two GFI's upstream, one feeding each of the legs. More common would be two single pole GFI breakers in the panel. With that said, your situation is different. I bet you will find that the the black feeds every other recpt, and likewise the red does the same thing with alternate recpts. Once you confirm that, simply install a GFI on the first powered recpt of each string (color). As a matter of fact, this is the most common way kitchens are wired and meets NEC.5I suspect that some writers are confusing the old Voltage Operated GFCIs with the new Current Operated GFCIs. The modern type contain a little toroidal transformer that the live and neutral are threaded through. Normally the go and return currents are equal so the transformer does nothing. If the currents are not equal the transformer produces voltage which operates the trip relay and cuts off the power. The old type of GFCI uses an earth rod. The house earth wires connect to one end of the trip-coil of the GFCI. The other end of the trip coil connects to the earth rod. If anything in the house leaks current the GFCI will turn off the power. The problem with this type of GFCI is that electrical storms can blow the trip coil. This leaves everything in the house un-earthed and with no GFCI. One delightful property that I was asked to "look at" was giving everyone electric shocks. The floors were concrete and the bungalow had a voltage operated GFCI with a blown coil. I suspected that the immersion heater element had also corroded and was now pumping current into the hot water system. Water taps, light switches, the kitchen range and anything metal that was supposed to be earthed were all live! The property was owned by a penniless widow and there was no money to do the job properly. Power was supplied from a pole-transformer dropping the 11,000 volts to 240 and with these the neutral is always earthed at the pole. After checking all the legal stuff it was decided to use PME (Protective Multiple Earthing) A heavy duty wire link was connected between the Neutral and the Protective Conductor (AKA "Earth") on the fuse-board where the power entered the building. Result no more electric shocks! I did that "bodge" about thirty years ago and its still working fine. Sadly the widow passed away long ago. She died of old age not electrocution. IMHO those voltage operated GFCIs that date from the 1950s and 1960s ought to be banned. They probably are but people still use them. One old house that had its wiring fixed by a friend had a two wire (live and neutral but no earth) system where the wires were let into grooves in wooden conduits. A mouse had caused a short and blown a fuse. If the Electricity Board had seen the antique wiring they would have demanded a full re-wire which would have cost thousands! Take care!4It depends what you want to protect. If you just want to protect that outlet then it's easy. Pigtail the Black and white wires and connect them to the feed side of the GFCI. Leave the load side of the GFCI disconnected. Where it gets tricky is if you want to also protect downstream outlets. Current that flows out through a GFCI must return through the same GFCI. Otherwise it will trip. So to protect both hots using GFCI outlets you would need two such outlets and you would need to keep the neutrals downstream of the GFCIs seperate which would likely require some rewiring. An alternative may be to use a double pole GFCI breaker at the panel. Another alternative is just to install a seperate GFCI at each outlet.3This "shared neutral" circuit is actually one circuit called a Multi-Wire Branch Circuit or MWBC. You must comply with their rules . Rule: You must pigtail neutrals. You can't use the 2 neutral screws to daisychain through the receptacle as you illustrated. Shared-neutral circuits must use the same 2-pole breaker (Okay. There's an exception involving handle-ties. But ignore that, because this segways into a very helpful thing!) The two "hots" that share the neutral must be landed on a 2-pole breaker. This 2-pole breaker assures common maintenance shutoff (an MWBC rule) and that the hots are on opposite 120V poles (a very absolute MWBC rule). Protect a shared-neutral with a 2-pole GFCI breaker As it happens, they make 2-pole GFCI+breakers, which accept 2 hots and a neutral . And that's what your cable is. You fit the 2-pole GFCI breaker, attach its neutral pigtail, and bring all 3 wires: both hots and neutral to the GFCI breaker. And you're done . This will fully protect any legal configuration of MWBC/shared neutral circuit. You don't have to worry about how neutral is shared and firewalling line from load. It just works . "Oh, but 2-pole GFCI breakers are expensive" -- so are four GFCI+receptacles, as you show in the drawing in your edit. If you must use many GFCIs - just don't use LOAD If you absolutely insist on using GFCI+receptacle devices, well.. okay. You can do as in your last drawing (in your edit). This makes it a very simple rule: Don't remove the warning tape from the LOAD terminals . Simple as that. Of course, you'll be sitting there tempted, right? 2 wires in your hand and 2 screws you can't use--- nuh uh don't touch that tape! You have to figure it out another way. Hands off! This will lead you to a concept called pigtailing , which I remind you, you need to do with the neutrals anyway because of MWBC rules. So, now you're doing it with the hots too. Pigtail every connection onto the LINE hot and neutral, and voila . You have GFCI protection everywhere you choose to fit a GFCI+receptacle. And it didn't explode your brain.1Dont over complicate this. It is very simple problem. Just leave the red wire alone. No one here knows for sure what it is used for but it doesnt matter. Every electrician/homeowners wire things a little different. It could be right or wrong but if everything works dont worry about it. Without using the red wire you can use the diagram you provided. The only thing to figure out is what wires is the hot feed. The easiest way to find this out is to turn off the breaker and disconnect one set of black and wire wires. Then put a separate wire nut on each and turn the breaker back on. if the outlet still works then the wires connected are hot. If not then obviously the wires you took off and capped are. Now you have to decide if you want the rest of the outlets on this series to be protected by the GFI and connect your load wires up accordingly. It will be label on the back of the gfi which load connection point is protected.0BMitch's post is partly correct and dangerously wrong. 3 wire circuits of (2) 120V circuits sharing one neutral should be connected to lines with a 2-pole breaker, and MUST be on opposite phase (even/odd circuit breaker positions, 240V across breakers). Shared neutral carries unbalanced load such that 15 amps on one circuit, 5 amps on the other, results in 10 amp neutral current. 15 amps on each opposite phase circuit balance, cancelling neutral current to zero (0) amps. Sharing neutral on 2 same phase circuits (even/even - odd/odd circuit positions, 120 V across breakers) should NOT be done as it results in additive neutral current where 15 amps on each circuit result in 30 amps on neutral, dangerously overloading conductor. Adjacent single pole breakers should not be used, and skipping panel spaces for even/opposite circuit positions, should NOT be done - for safety reasons where turning one breaker off to work on a circuit can result in dangerous condition if shared neutral splice is opened, being energized via the shared circuit. Both circuits must be OFF.0Pigtail the neutral and the hot. This is the correct way to install any receptacle, GFCI or not.white, black, red wires/GFI receptacle white carries unused power back.
Black n Red carry power in (to power your crap)
But be careful ( if black wire is attached to a breaker at the electrical panel that is labeled an even number and the Red is attached to an odd number (hard to notice stamped numbering on cover beside breakers) Odd to odd OK Odd to even Not ok = 240 boom!
So if Black X and red Y then proceed with:
black to Line holes on gfi (crap hooked up to Load)
Red wire dont hook up, twist together to pass to next location. Next location hook red to LINE on gfi and dont connect black.
just don't land black and red on same location, red gfi = microwave black gfi = fridge red gfi = blender black gfi = coffee maker
White wire should go directly to each gfi without detour. don't use white from load or line off gfi but twist a bunch so 1 white hits black gfi 1 one white hits red gfi 2, back gfi 2, red gfi 2. regular non-gfi rules you can share the white wire coming from any receptacle with the same color as long as the same colored wire and it's brother white wire are hooked up to a known even or odd label (stamped next to breakers) odd to even cross 120+120=240 even to even 120+120=0 since its the same Phase (odds are phase 1 separated from power on phase 2 evens) odds are all virtually the same 120 evens are virtually common with each other at 120. red and black make 240, red and red make 120 did i miss anything?electrical - How should I wire a GFCI outlet and a switchelectrical - How do I wire a switch to control a GFCISee more results
How to Wire a Spa | SpaDepot
Both 3-wire and 4-wire spas must be GFCI protected. A 4-wire hot tub must not be connected to a 3-wire service. Proper grounding is also essential. In either case, the disconnect panel must be supplied with a 4-wire service in order for the GFCI to function as required. Refer to
How to Wire a GFCI Circuit Breaker | Hunker
The Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) saves lives. There are two different kinds for home use--electrical outlets and circuit breakers. GFCI circuit breakers last longer than GFCI outlets and are a good idea if you do not test your GFCI outlets on a regular basis. Read on to
Wiring Diagrams for Electrical Receptacle Outlets - Do-it
Wiring a 20-Amp 240-Volt Appliance Receptacle. This outlet is commonly used for a heavy load such as a large air conditioner. The outlet should be wired to a dedicated 20-amp/240-volt circuit breaker in the service panel using 12|2 awg cable. With this wiring, both the black and white wires are used to carry 120 volts each and the white wire is wrapped with electrical tape to label it hot.
# 43 How to install a 3 wire hot tub GFI - YouTube
Click to view on Bing5:20Jul 21, 2012# 43How to install a 3 wire GFI for an above ground hot tub (no neutral) Includes mounting of box and testing of tub and heater. If not installed exactly correct a serious shock hazard exists withAuthor: softcellelectricalViews: 114K
What is the wiring schematic of a GFCI? - Quora
Nov 12, 2016This diagram illustrates wiring a GFCI receptacle and light switch in the same outlet box, a common arrangement in a bathroom with limited space. The hot source is spliced to the LINE terminal on the receptacle and to the bottom terminal on the light switch. The neutral and ground wires are spliced together and run to each device in the circuit.People also askHow to wire GFCI receptacles?How to wire GFCI receptacles?How to Wire an End-Of-Run GFCI Receptacle Turn off the branch circuit breaker or remove the Edison base fuse.Remove the outer,plastic jacket from the ROMEX® cable in the box.Adjust the cutting depth of the wire strippers using a scrap piece..Remove 3/4 inches of insulation from the ends of the insulated wires in..How to Wire an End-Of-Run GFCI Receptacle | HunkerSee all results for this questionWhat is a 3 pole circuit breaker?What is a 3 pole circuit breaker?Triple-Pole Breaker Operation. The three-pole breaker operates via the same method as a single-pole breaker. The difference is found in the amount of conductors that are connected,or bridged,by the three-pole conductor.How a 3-Pole Circuit Breaker Works | HunkerSee all results for this questionHow to wire 3 position switch?How to wire 3 position switch?How to Wire a 3 Way SwitchSwitch off the circuit.Determine if the power goes to the light or the light switch.Replace any regular switches with the 3-way switches.Install larger electrical boxes.Cap the white neutral wires to each switch box... (more items)How to Wire a 3 Way Switch: 11 Steps - wikiHowSee all results for this questionHow to install a circuit breaker?How to install a circuit breaker?How to Install a Circuit Breaker PanelStep 1 – Selecting Your New Panel. Before deciding where you'll install your new circuit breaker..Step 2 – Selecting Your Panel Location. Use care in choosing where to install your panel location.Step 3 – Mounting Your Panel. Depending on the rear surface of the panel you buy,..How to Install a Circuit Breaker Panel | DoItYourselfSee all results for this question
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