Wiring an Electric Stove - Ask the Electrician Selecting the Wire Size for an Electric Stove. The wire size for an electric stove circuit will depend on the exact stove that will be installed and if the circuit wire selected will be copper or aluminum. The wire tables may be used to determine the electrical wire for the stove that will be installed. How to Wire a Receptacle for an Electric Range - The Spruce Electric cooking ranges (stoves) have special wiring needs because they require a 120/240-volt circuit and receptacle. While gas stoves also are plugged in to provide power to operate the timers, vent fans, and other accessories, these stoves use simple 120-volt household circuits.