Hydroelectric Power Plant : Layout, Working and Types Layout and working of hydroelectric power plant The above image shows the typical layout of a hydroelectric power plant and its basic components . Dam and Reservoir: The dam is constructed on a large river in hilly areas to ensure sufficient water storage at height. Working of hydroelectric power plant - MyClassBook Hydroelectric Power Plant. In hydropower plant potential and kinetic energy of the water is used to rotate the turbine and hence generator to generate electricity. Classification of Hydroelectric Plants: Conventional and pumped storage plants: in the conventional type, water is collected in the dam and its head is used for the rotation of turbine.
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