How to Plan a Mini Hydro Power Project - energypedia SCHEME COMPONENTSWATER INTO WATTSSUITABLE CONDITIONS FOR MICRO-HYDRO POWERTURBINESLOAD FACTORFigure 1 shows the main components of a run-of-the-river micro-hydro scheme. This type of scheme requires no water storage but instead diverts some of the water from the river which is channelled along the side of a valley before being 'dropped' into the turbine via a penstock. In figure 1, the turbine drives a generator that provides electricity for a workshop. The transmission line can be extended to a local village to supply domestic power for lighting and other usese are various othe..See more on energypediaMini-hydro: from ~ 100 kW up to 1 MW; either stand alone schemes or more often feeding into the gridSmall-hydro: 1 - 15 MW - usually feeding into a gridPico-hydro: from a few hundred watts up to 5kW Hydroelectric Power Plant : Layout, Working and Types Layout and working of hydroelectric power plant The above image shows the typical layout of a hydroelectric power plant and its basic components . Dam and Reservoir: The dam is constructed on a large river in hilly areas to ensure sufficient water storage at height.