Basic Layout and Working of a Thermal Power Plant Typical layout and working of a Thermal Power Plant. A simplified layout of a thermal power station is shown below. Coal: In a coal based thermal power plant, coal is transported from coal mines to the generating station. Generally, bituminous coal or brown coal is used as fuel. The coal is stored in either 'dead storage' or in 'live storage'. Power Plant Diagram - SmartDraw Create Power Plant Diagram examples like this template called Power Plant Diagram that you can easily edit and customize in minutes.