SOCIAL EVOLUTION AND INCLUSIVE FITNESS THEORY AN INTRODUCTION JAMES A R MARSHALL
Inclusive fitness - Wikipedia
In evolutionary biology, inclusive fitness is one of two metrics of evolutionary success as defined by W. D. Hamilton in 1964: . Personal fitness is the number of offspring that an individual begets (regardless of who rescues/rears/supports them); Inclusive fitness is the number of offspring equivalents that an individual rears, rescues or otherwise supports through its behaviour (regardless
Evolution - Wikipedia
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations. These characteristics are the expressions of genes that are passed on from parent to offspring during reproductionerent characteristics tend to exist within any given population as a result of mutation, genetic recombination and other sources of genetic variation.
Animal social behaviour | Britannica
Animal social behaviour: Animal social behaviour, the suite of interactions that occur between two or more individual animals, usually of the same species, when they form simple aggregations, cooperate in sexual or parental behaviour, engage in disputes over territory and access to mates, or simply communicate across
Kin selection | behaviour | Britannica
Kin selection, a type of natural selection that considers the role relatives play when evaluating the genetic fitness of a given individual. It is based on the concept of inclusive fitness, which is made up of individual survival and reproduction (direct fitness) and any impact that an individual has on the survival and reproduction of relatives (indirect fitness).
Hamilton’s Theory - brembs: Research on Learning
Hamilton’s Theory. Preliminary draft for the Encyclopedia of Genetics (Academic Press) Get a pre-print in PDF or go to the Encyclopedia website!. A special tribute to W.D. Hamilton
dieoff - OVERSHOOT LOOP: Evolution Under The Maximum
POLITICS: n 1: social relations involving authority or power. We swim in “politics” like fish swim in water; it’s everywhere, but we can’t see it! In fact, telling primates (human or otherwise) that their reasoning architectures evolved in large part to solve problems of dominance is a little like telling fish that their gills evolved in large part to solve the problem of oxygen intake
Agenda - Social Media Week New York
Join Social Media Week’s founder, Toby Daniels for the official kickoff of the 11th SMW New York. As the Executive Director, Toby has been instrumental in defining the conversation and setting the agenda for Social Media Week’s conferences over the past 10 years.
The Evolution of Culture | Edge
2 Sober and Wilson (1998) note that there is a gap in their model of cultural evolution: "We can say that functionless [relative to human individual and group fitness] behavior should be more common in humans than other species, but we cannot explain why a particular functionless behavior has evolved in a particular culture.
Why do people love their pets? - ScienceDirect
ELSEVIER Why Do People Love Their Pets? John Archer Department of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, United Kingdom The evidence that people form strong attachments with their pets is briefly reviewed be- fore identifying the characteristics of such relationships, which include pets being a source of security as well as the objects of caregiving.
Mapping morality with a compass: Testing the theory of
Which problems of cooperation do humans face? And how are they solved? Evolutionary biology and game theory tell us that there is not just one problem of cooperation but many, with many different functionally, and perhaps phenotypically, distinct solutions (Lehmann and Keller, 2006, Nunn and Lewis, 2001, Robinson and Goforth, 2005, Sachs et al., 2004).